This chapter is known as “Path of Knowledge” (Sankhya-Yog in Sanskrit).
It covers Arjun’s delusion and his fright about killing own clan. The God advises to him to shy away from this emotional tendencies and fight like a true warrior.
As Arjun nervously sat down, Shreekrishn advised him to get up and fight. He said that it was disgrace to shy away from the fight and the world would laugh at his cowardly behaviour of leaving the battle field. Arjun once again expressed his inability to fight against his elders and his clan. He also gave his reasoning for that. Ultimately he surrendered to God asking for guidance, yet, declaring that he won’t fight. Shreekrishn mockingly smiled at him and said that he was grieving for no reason and on top of that was showing off his knowledge justifying the cowardice too.
God then explained to Arjun that learned people do not grieve about living or dead. He said that life was perishable and followed cycle of birth and death. He explained that the body alone faces death and the soul never dies. As a person changes his clothes, so does the soul changes body. He then described the everlasting nature of soul. He said that the element which resides in the soul is the ‘God’ and that element alone is spread all over the Universe. The ones who understand this do not care about opposites such as – Heat or old, Hate or Love, Happiness or Sorrows, Insult or Respect and Pain or Pleasure. They view everything as equal and are totally unconcerned. This was the knowledge about the imperishable soul and the Supreme God. The person who becomes fully aware of this knowledge and who renounces the world of desires is called Sannyasee. The path that he follows is called ”SANKHYA - YOG” or the path of knowledge.
Shreekrishn counseled Arjun not to worry about killing as the soul was indestructible. He advised Arjun to follow natural instinct of a warrior to fight. He should perform his duty and earn glory. Action must be done without anxiety for fruit of action. Such action helps one to attain the God. Such doer is unconcerned about everything that is happening around. Such person finds comfort in his own soul as he knows that God resides there. Such stable and desireless person ultimately reaches the Supreme destination, the ‘God’.
Arjun asked the Lord to describe attributes of an unconcerned person. The Lord told Arjun that such person is desireless, does not get disturbed when facing opposite happenings, he controls his senses fully, and keeps himself concentrated in his soul where the God resides. Such person is called ‘Unconcerned’ and he reaches the Supreme Destination.