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BHAGAVAD GEETA

BHAGAVAD GEETA

THE WORDS OF GOD

TRANSLATED IN SIMPLE ENGLISH

Chapter 14

THE WORDS OF GOD
TRANSLATED IN SIMPLE ENGLISH
Chapter 14

Synopsis

This Chapter is called “Division of three Attributes of Nature”.

Here it is explained that the Nature is mother and the God is father.

The God explains the Mortal (Body), Immortal (Soul)and the Supreme (God himself).

Chapter 14.1

श्री भगवानुवाच
परं भूयः प्रवक्ष्यामि ज्ञानानां ज्ञानमुत्तमम्।
यज्ज्ञात्वा मुनयः सर्वे परां सिद्धिमितो गताः।।14.1।।

GOD SAID
Once again I shall state,
The knowledge supreme.
Knowing which, all sages,
Have attained the state supreme.

Chapter 14.2

इदं ज्ञानमुपाश्रित्य मम साधर्म्यमागताः।
सर्गेऽपि नोपजायन्ते प्रलये न व्यथन्ति च।।14.2।।

Taking refuge in this knowledge,
They come and reside in me,
They are free from birth and death,
Once established in me.

Chapter 14.3

मम योनिर्महद्ब्रह्म तस्मिन् गर्भं दधाम्यहम्।
संभवः सर्वभूतानां ततो भवति भारत।।14.3।।

O’ Bharat, Nature is
The womb of all creatures.
I plant the seed of life there,
And creation of all beings starts from there.

Chapter 14.4

सर्वयोनिषु कौन्तेय मूर्तयः सम्भवन्ति याः।
तासां ब्रह्म महद्योनिरहं बीजप्रदः पिता।।14.4।।

Son of Kuntee, for all living species,
Nature is the mother,
And I am the seed giving father.

Chapter 14.5

सत्त्वं रजस्तम इति गुणाः प्रकृतिसंभवाः।
निबध्नन्ति महाबाहो देहे देहिनमव्ययम्।।14.5।।

O Great armed one,
Satv Rajas and Satv Tamas,
The attributes of nature are three,
They tie down the everlasting soul to body.

Chapter 14.6

तत्र सत्त्वं निर्मलत्वात्प्रकाशकमनामयम्।
सुखसङ्गेन बध्नाति ज्ञानसङ्गेन चानघ।।14.6।।

Out of the three Satv is, illuminating and flawless,
It propagates knowledge and happiness.

Chapter 14.7

रजो रागात्मकं विद्धि तृष्णासङ्गसमुद्भवम्।
तन्निबध्नाति कौन्तेय कर्मसङ्गेन देहिनम्।।14.7।।

Son of Kuntee, Rajas is all about desire and passion,
It binds the soul, to action and fruits of action.

Chapter 14.8

तमस्त्वज्ञानजं विद्धि मोहनं सर्वदेहिनाम्।
प्रमादालस्यनिद्राभिस्तन्निबध्नाति भारत।।14.8।।

Bharat, Tamas thinks self only as body,
It remains full of delusion,
And tries to bind the soul to body,
Through errors, sleep and confusion.

Chapter 14.9

सत्त्वं सुखे सञ्जयति रजः कर्मणि भारत।
ज्ञानमावृत्य तु तमः प्रमादे सञ्जयत्युत।।14.9।।

Rajas draws one to action,
Satv generates happiness.
Tamas by clouding wisdom,
Propels towards sleep, error and laziness.

Chapter 14.10

रजस्तमश्चाभिभूय सत्त्वं भवति भारत।
रजः सत्त्वं तमश्चैव तमः सत्त्वं रजस्तथा।।14.10।।

Repressing the other two,
One of these three prevails,
At times Satv, sometime Rajas
Or other time Tamas prevails

Chapter 14.11

सर्वद्वारेषु देहेऽस्मिन्प्रकाश उपजायते।
ज्ञानं यदा तदा विद्याद्विवृद्धं सत्त्वमित्युत।।14.11।।

Due to light of Knowledge,
When all doors of body are illuminated,
Consider at that time,
Satv has prevailed.

Chapter 14.12

लोभः प्रवृत्तिरारम्भः कर्मणामशमः स्पृहा।
रजस्येतानि जायन्ते विवृद्धे भरतर्षभ।।14.12।।

O’ Great Bharat, when desires prevail,
With greed and actions,
Restlessness and pleasure seeking activities commence,
Then know that Rajas has dominance.

Chapter 14.13

अप्रकाशोऽप्रवृत्तिश्च प्रमादो मोह एव च।
तमस्येतानि जायन्ते विवृद्धे कुरुनन्दन।।14.13।।

When Tamas starts to overbear,
Darkness of mind,
Inactivity, triviality,
And stupor appear.

Chapter 14.14

यदा सत्त्वे प्रवृद्धे तु प्रलयं याति देहभृत्।
तदोत्तमविदां लोकानमलान्प्रतिपद्यते।।14.14।।

When one dies in state,
Of Satvik dominance,
Higher plane he reaches
As attained by sages great.

Chapter 14.15

रजसि प्रलयं गत्वा कर्मसङ्गिषु जायते।
तथा प्रलीनस्तमसि मूढयोनिषु जायते।।14.15।।

Dying in Rajas prominence, he takes birth,
Among desire bound doers.
In Tamas dominance,
He takes birth in thoughtless species like animals.

Chapter 14.16

कर्मणः सुकृतस्याहुः सात्त्विकं निर्मलं फलम्।
रजसस्तु फलं दुःखमज्ञानं तमसः फलम्।।14.16।।

Satvik is reward of righteous act,
It is joy without fault.
Sorrow is the fruit of Rajas act,
And ignorance is result of Tamas act.

Chapter 14.17

सत्त्वात्सञ्जायते ज्ञानं रजसो लोभ एव च।
प्रमादमोहौ तमसो भवतोऽज्ञानमेव च।।14.17।।

Knowledge is product of Satv,
And greed of Rajas.
Ignorance, stupor and
Delusion is product of Tamas.

Chapter 14.18

ऊर्ध्वं गच्छन्ति सत्त्वस्था मध्ये तिष्ठन्ति राजसाः।
जघन्यगुणवृत्तिस्था अधो गच्छन्ति तामसाः।।14.18।।

Satvik stay high, in middle stay Rajas,
Enveloped in ignorance, below stay Tamas.

Chapter 14.19

नान्यं गुणेभ्यः कर्तारं यदा द्रष्टानुपश्यति।
गुणेभ्यश्च परं वेत्ति मद्भावं सोऽधिगच्छति।।14.19।।

Though Gunas get everything done,
Only the deserving one,
Knows me as,
Beyond gunas the only one.

Chapter 14.20

गुणानेतानतीत्य त्रीन्देही देहसमुद्भवान्।
जन्ममृत्युजरादुःखैर्विमुक्तोऽमृतमश्नुते।।14.20।।

When the body holder manages getting,
Beyond three Gunas, freedom he gets,
From birth, death, old age and pain.
For that embodied soul, supreme bliss is the gain.

Chapter 14.21

अर्जुन उवाच
कैर्लिंगैस्त्रीन्गुणानेतानतीतो भवति प्रभो।
किमाचारः कथं चैतांस्त्रीन्गुणानतिवर्तते।।14.21।।

ARJUN SAID
The one who gets beyond these Gunas,
What are his signs?
How is he recognized? How he behaves?
And how he surpasses these Gunas.

Chapter 14.22

श्री भगवानुवाच
प्रकाशं च प्रवृत्तिं च मोहमेव च पाण्डव।
न द्वेष्टि सम्प्रवृत्तानि न निवृत्तानि काङ्क्षति।।14.22।।

GOD SAID
He does not get Sad or Delighted,
Whether, life is in dark or illuminated,
When, desires are up or down,
Or when, ignorance is present or gone.

Chapter 14.23

उदासीनवदासीनो गुणैर्यो न विचाल्यते।
गुणा वर्तन्त इत्येव योऽवतिष्ठति नेङ्गते।।14.23।।

By activities of Gunas,
Unaffected he remains,
Knowing it to be their game,
From those aloof he remains.

Chapter 14.24

समदुःखसुखः स्वस्थः समलोष्टाश्मकाञ्चनः।
तुल्यप्रियाप्रियो धीरस्तुल्यनिन्दात्मसंस्तुतिः।।14.24।।

Ever established in self, for him,
Gold, Pearl and Rock are same.
Equal are pleasure or pain, and praise or blame,
To him like or dislike, are similar and same.

Chapter 14.25

मानापमानयोस्तुल्यस्तुल्यो मित्रारिपक्षयोः।
सर्वारम्भपरित्यागी गुणातीतः स उच्यते।।14.25।।

Not bothered about honour and dishonour,
Equal to friend and foe,
About being the doer, he thinks no more,
Above all Gunas he remains forever.

Chapter 14.26

मां च योऽव्यभिचारेण भक्ितयोगेन सेवते।
स गुणान्समतीत्यैतान् ब्रह्मभूयाय कल्पते।।14.26।।

One who devotedly
And constantly worships me,
He transcends all the Gunas
And attains me.

Chapter 14.27

ब्रह्मणो हि प्रतिष्ठाऽहममृतस्याव्ययस्य च।
शाश्वतस्य च धर्मस्य सुखस्यैकान्तिकस्य च।।14.27।।

I am the divine base of immortality,
And the imperishable supreme reality,
I am the one everlasting,
And also the eternal bliss, unending.

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